NAME

Tcl_Panic, Tcl_PanicVA, Tcl_SetPanicProc, panic, panicVA - report fatal error and abort

SYNOPSIS

#include <tcl.h>

void Tcl_Panic(format, arg, arg, ...)

void Tcl_PanicVA(format, argList)

void Tcl_SetPanicProc(panicProc)

void panic(format, arg, arg, ...)

void panicVA(format, argList)

ARGUMENTS

CONST char* format (in)
A printf-style format string.

arg (in)
Arguments matching the format string.

va_list argList (in)
An argument list of arguments matching the format string. Must have been initialized using TCL_VARARGS_START, and cleared using va_end.

Tcl_PanicProc *panicProc (in)
Procedure to report fatal error message and abort.

DESCRIPTION

When the Tcl library detects that its internal data structures are in an inconsistent state, or that its C procedures have been called in a manner inconsistent with their documentation, it calls Tcl_Panic to display a message describing the error and abort the process. The format argument is a format string describing how to format the remaining arguments arg into an error message, according to the same formatting rules used by the printf family of functions. The same formatting rules are also used by the builtin Tcl command format.

In a freshly loaded Tcl library, Tcl_Panic prints the formatted error message to the standard error file of the process, and then calls abort to terminate the process. Tcl_Panic does not return.

Tcl_SetPanicProc may be used to modify the behavior of Tcl_Panic. The panicProc argument should match the type Tcl_PanicProc:

typedef void Tcl_PanicProc(
	CONST char *format,
	arg, arg,...);

After Tcl_SetPanicProc returns, any future calls to Tcl_Panic will call panicProc, passing along the format and arg arguments. To maintain consistency with the callers of Tcl_Panic, panicProc must not return; it must call abort. panicProc should avoid making calls into the Tcl library, or into other libraries that may call the Tcl library, since the original call to Tcl_Panic indicates the Tcl library is not in a state of reliable operation.

The typical use of Tcl_SetPanicProc arranges for the error message to be displayed or reported in a manner more suitable for the application or the platform. As an example, the Windows implementation of wish calls Tcl_SetPanicProc to force all panic messages to be displayed in a system dialog box, rather than to be printed to the standard error file (usually not visible under Windows).

Although the primary callers of Tcl_Panic are the procedures of the Tcl library, Tcl_Panic is a public function and may be called by any extension or application that wishes to abort the process and have a panic message displayed the same way that panic messages from Tcl will be displayed.

Tcl_PanicVA is the same as Tcl_Panic except that instead of taking a variable number of arguments it takes an argument list. The procedures panic and panicVA are synonyms (implemented as macros) for Tcl_Panic and Tcl_PanicVA, respectively. They exist to support old code; new code should use direct calls to Tcl_Panic or Tcl_PanicVA.

SEE ALSO

abort(3), printf(3), exec, format

KEYWORDS

abort, fatal, error